Kitulo is the first park in tropical Africa to be recognized largely for its floristic significance. It is Known locally as ‘God’s Garden’ or the ‘Serengeti of Flowers’. Kitulo plateau has had over 350 species of plants documented to date. These include 45 species of orchids, many of which are not found anywhere else in the world. The plateau is home to some important bird species, again many endemic to Tanzania, including the endangered blue swallow, Denham’s bustard, mountain marsh widow, Njombe cisticola, and Kipengere seedeater. Some of the world’s rarest butterflies also inhabit the area.